Oklahoma Minerals
County Index: O-W, References

Okfuskee County

  • Paden, 3 mi. SW of Paden, N of Canadian River, SW1/4 SW1/4 sec.31, T.12N, R.7E, mineralization along a fault in Pennsylvanian-age Ada Group sandstones, mining in 1920s and 1930s: azurite, calcite, chalcocite, chrysocolla, copper, dolomite, goethite, hematite, malachite (needle crystals), melanterite, quartz, tenorite (Zeitner 1972).

Oklahoma County

  • Oklahoma City, including Trosper Park, along a stream in the park and archery range located on 29th Street E of Interstate 35, sec.22, T.14N, R.2W; secs.7, 11, and 35, T.12N, R.2W; secs. 12 and 24 T. 11N, R.3W, Permian-age Garber sandstones: barite (roses, miniature) (Ham and Merritt 1944; Naff 1981).

Okmulgee County

  • Schulter, near Schulter on burned dumps of coal mines, ammoniojarosite, letovicite, molysite, sal ammoniac (A. L. Kidwell collection).

Ottawa County

  • Picher district, zinc mining area surrounding Miami, Picher, Peoria, and most of the north part of the county. Many mines; each may have numerous names. Mississippi Valley-type deposits in Boone Chert of Mississippian age that is fractured, brecciated, and contains numerous solution cavities; ore discovered about 1901 with first production in 1904; peak production in 1925; mining ceased in 1957 but resumed in 1960 at a reduced rate into the early 1970s when the rising water level claimed most of the mines: anglesite (gray films), aragonite, arsenopyrite barite (plates), calcite* (crystals, twinned, scalenohedra and rhombohedra), carphosiderite (yellow crusts), cerussite (microcrystals), chalcopyrite* (sphenoids, pseudomorphs after enargite), copiapite, covellite (thin blue coatings), diadochite (minute crystals), dolomite* (pink saddle-shaped crystals), enargite* (microcrystals and veinlets with chalcopyrite), epsomite (postmining product), fluorapatite, galena* (cubes, octahedra and combinations, some platy crystals), goslarite (post-mining product), greenockite (yellow coatings), gypsum (clear crystals, also a post-mining product), hemimorphile (called silicate and calamine), hydrozincite (fluorescent coatings), kaolinite, luzonite (minute crystallites on earlier minerals), malachite, marcasite* (crystals, some twins, botryoidal, hairlike masses), melanterite (post-mining product), plumbojarosite (masses of minute platy crystals), pyrite (small cubes or pyritohedra), quartz (crystals), smithsonite (early-day ore), sphalerite* (black jack, rosin jack, ruby jack, crystals), sulfur (minute crystals), szomolnokite (post-mining product) (McKnight and Fischer 1970; Ransome 1935).

Pawnee County

  • Lela, a few mi. N of Lela, NW corner NE1/4 SW1/4, sec. 19 and NE1/4 sec.8, T.22N, R.4E, also NE1/4 sec.23 and NW1/4 sec.19, NW1/4 sec.28, T.22N, R.3E, red Permian sandstones and conglomerates: azurite, carnotite, chalcocite (nodules and fossil wood), malachite, uranophane (with lignite and copper minerals) (Fischer 1937; Merritt 1940b).

Payne County

  • Glencoe, 3 mi. SW of Glencoe, SE1/4 NW1/4 and cent. NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.23, also SE1/4 SE1/4 sec.22, T.20N, R.3E, Permian-age Doyle sandstones and shales, discovered 1901, 60-foot adit made in 1910: azurite, calcite, chalcanthite, chalcocite (nodules and petrified wood), covellite, malachite, pyrite, tenorite (Merritt 1940b; Naff 1981).
  • Goethite, hematite, calcite, gypsum and aragonite in claystone geodes and concretions: For more specific info and photos, check this link:
  • Stone Haven

Pontotoc County

  • Ada, Lawrence quarry, 6 mi. S of Ada near State Route l, NE1/4 sec.36, T.3N, R.SE: calcite* (rhombohedral crystals), galena* (cubes modified by octahedra), marcasite* (crystals), pyrite, sphalerite (marmatite) (Zeitner 1972).
  • Ahlosa, on the road to Ada in a shallow creek, shale: pyrite (crystal clusters) (Zeitner 1972).
  • Arbuckle Mountains, NE1/4 sec.17, T.2N, R.6E, in Hunon Limslone: galena (small crystals) (Reeds 1910).

Pottawatomie County

  • Pink area, S of Pink, sec.18, T.9N, R.2E: barite (roses) (Gilmore 1963).

Pushmataha County

  • Pine Creek State Park area, off access road to the park: quartz (small doubly terminated crystals) (Morrison 1984).

Roger Mills County

  • Cheyenne, 3 mi. S of Durham near Cheyenne: carnotite (bright yellow), tyuyamunite (yellow-green) (Zeitner 1972).

Seminole County

  • Konawa Country Club, SE1/4 NW1/4, sec.34 and SW1/4 NE1/4, sec.34, T.6N, R.SE, Hart Limestone of Pennsylvanian age: malachite.

Sequoyah County

  • Marble City area, St. Clair Lime quarry, NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.1, T.13N, R.23E: aragonite, calcite* (rhombohedral crystals, some twins), goethite, pyrite (Gilmore 1963).

Stephens County

  • Comanche, east of Comanche, SW1/4 SW1/4 SW1/4 sec.6, T.3S, R.6W and secs. 23, 25, 31, T.2S, R.7W: barite (veins, in clay carbonate concretions, and as radial nodules) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
  • Marlow, W of Marlow on S bank of Little Beaver Creek, SW1/4 sec.13 and SE1/4 sec.14, T.2N, R.8W: gypsum (sand included crystals, "rabbit ears") (Gilmore 1963).

Tillman County

  • Chattanooga, S of Chattanooga, secs. 27 and 28, T.3S, R.14W: barite (roses) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
  • Manitou, E of Manitou, NW1/4 NE1/4 sec.35, T.1N, R.16W, sec.31, T.1N, R.16W, veins in maroon shale: barite (crystalline veins, nodules, in clay carbonate concretions, roses), calcite (fibrous paramorphs after aragonite), hematite (Ham and Merritt 1944).

Tulsa County

  • Lotsee, N line sec.15 and SW1/4 sec.27, T.19N, R.10E: calcite, dolomite* (crystals), pyrite (Gilmore 1963).
  • Tulsa, Acme Coal mine, NE1/4 sec.l8, T.20N, R.13E, burned dumps of a coal mine: sal ammoniac, sulfur (Gilmore 1963).

Wagoner County

  • Tulsa, E of Tulsa, waste dumps of strip pits, sec. 18, T. 18N, R. 1 SE: gypsum* (crystals, twins, and rosettes) (Gilmore 1963).

Washita County

  • Clinton, S of, Cloud Chief Formation: carnotite, tyuyamynite (Gilmore 1963).
  • Corn, NE of Corn, NE1/4 sec.22, T.11N, R.14W, in Cloud Chief Gypsum: celestine (bedded), dolomite, strontianite (Gilmore 1963).


  • Anderson, K.C. 1946. The occurrence and origin of pegmatites and miarolitic cavites in the Wichita Mountain System, Oklahoma. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma.
  • Branson, C.C., A.L. Burwell, and G.C. Chase. 1955. Uranium in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 27.
  • Bush, W. 1956. Oklahoma zircon locality. Rocks & Minerals 31:1 18-19.
  • Butler, B.S., and J.P. Dunlop. 1916. Copper. In U.S. Geological Survey, mineral resources of the United States 1914, 27-124.
  • Chase, G.W. 1950. The igneous rocks of the Roosevelt area. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma.
    • ---1954. Occurrence of radioactive material in sandstone lenses of southwestern Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 26.
  • Dinges, P.R. 1976. Geology and mining operations at the Creta copper deposit of Eagle Picher Industries, Inc. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region: A symposium. Oklahoma Geological survey circular 77.
  • Evans, O.F. 1936. Mineral provinces of Oklahoma. Rocks & Minerals 11:86-88.
  • Fay, R.O. 1962. Geology and mineral resources of Blaine County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 89.
    • ---1964. The Blaine and related formations of northwestern Oklahoma and southern Kansas. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 98.
    • ---1983. Copper deposits in Sheep Pen Sandstone (Triassic) in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, adjacent parts of Colorado and New Mexico. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 86.
  • Fay, R.O., and D.L. Hart. 1978. Geology and mineral resources of Custer County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 114.
  • Fischer, R.P. 1937. Sedimentary deposits of copper, vanadium, uranium, and silver in southwestern United States. Economic Geology 32:906-51.
  • Gilmore, E.L. 1963. A rockhound's guide to the gems and minerals of Oklahoma. Tulsa, Okla.: E.L. Gilmore.
  • Ham, W.E. 1973. Regional geology of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 73-3.
  • Ham, W.E., and K.S. Jackson. 1964. Copper deposits in the Flowerpot Shale (Permian) of the Creta area, Jackson County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 64.
  • Ham, W.E., C.J. Mankin, and J.A. Schleicher. 1961. Borate minerals in Permian gypsum of west-central Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 92.
  • Ham, W.E., and C.A. Merritt. 1944. Barite in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 23.
  • Ham, W.E., and M. C. Oakes. 1944. Manganese deposits of the Bromide district, Oklahoma. Economic Geology 39:412-43.
  • Huang, W.T. 1956. Novacekite from Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 41:152-53.
    • ---1957. Titanclinohumite from the Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 42:686-88.
  • Huckaby, A.H. 1955. Oklahoma. In World news on mineral occurrences. Rocks & Minerals 31:137-38.
  • Johnson, K.S. 1972. Guidebookfor geologic field trips in Oklahoma. Book 11, Northwest Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological survey special publication 3.
    • ---1977. Permian copper shales of southwestern Oklahoma. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region, a symposium. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 77.
  • Johnson, K.S., and R. E. Denison. 1973. Igneous geology and economic geology of Permian rocks in southwest Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 73-2.
  • Kennedy, M. 1972. A strange phenomenon. Lapidary Journal 6: 102-08.
  • Kidwell, A.L., and R.R. Bower. 1976. Mineralogy and micromixtures of sulfides in the Flowerpot Shale of Oklahoma and Texas. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region, a symposium. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 77.
  • Lobell, J. 1986. Brochantite and other minerals from the Paoli, Oklahoma area. Mineralogical Record 17:371-74.
  • London, D. 1994. Letter on Oklahoma quartz. Mineralogical Record 25:385-86.
  • Lovell, H. 1974. Indian "money" at Twin Buttes, Oklahoma. Gems & Minerals 4 (May): 51-52.
  • Massey, R.L. 1990. Broken Bow in Southeast Oklahoma is a crystalline capital. Rock & Gem 20 (May):70-71.
  • McKnight, E.T., and R.P. Fischer. 1970. Geology and ore deposits of the Picher Field, Oklahoma and Kansas. U. S. Geological Survey professional paper 588.
  • Merritt, C.H. 1940a. Iron ores. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 4.
    • ---1940b. Copper in the red beds of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 8.
    • ---194l . Manganese deposits of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 10.
  • Morrison, V. 1984. Handful of crystals. Lapidary Journal 38:828-31.
    • ---1986. Miniature roses. Lapidary Journal 40:17-18.
    • ---1989. More than quartz and pine trees. Lapidary Journal 43:39.
  • Naff, J.D. 1981. Guidebook for field trips in north-central Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 4.
  • Powell, B.N., M.L. Stockton, J.D. Giddens, II, and M.C. Gilbert. 1982. Stop 3, Hale Spring locality. In Geology of the eastern Wichita Mountains, southwestern Oklahoma, 102-17. Oklahoma Geological Survey guidebook 21.
  • Ransome, A.L. 1935. Enargite and plumbojarosite at Picher, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 20:799-804.
  • Reeds, C.A. 1910. A report on the geological and mineral resources of the Arbucle Mountains, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 3.
  • Scott, G.L., Jr., and W. E. Ham. 1957. Geology and gypsum resources of the Carter area. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 42.
  • Stroud, R.B., A.B. McMahan, R. K. Stroup, and M. H. Hibpshman. 1970. Production potential of copper deposits associated with Permian red bed forrnations in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. U.S. Bureau of Mines report of investigations 7422.
  • Totten, M.W., and R.O. Fay. 1982. Map of Oklahoma showing localities of reported uranium and radioactive values. Oklahoma Geological Survey geologic map 25.
  • Towner, J.M. 1975. The red barite roses of Oklahoma. Lapidary Journal 29:1575-77.
  • Zeitner, J.C. 1972. Southwest mineral and gem trails. San Diego: Lapidary Journal.