Okay, let's be honest. Oklahoma is not exactly the international pinnacle of mineral collecting. But Oklahoma is far from being a barren, windswept wasteland.
The truth lies somewhere in between: Oklahoma boasts its share of unique and beautiful mineral specimens, but the relative lack of collecting, coupled with a high percentage of privately owned land results in precious few making their way to the large international mineral exhibitions.
So just what sort of earthly treasures lie just below the surface of the Sooner State? Pick a county from the map below, click, (or scroll downward for an alphabetical county-by-county listing) and you're on your way to finding out!
Hints: To find a specific mineral or location on this page, use your browser's "Find" capability.
If the county name has a camera icon beneath it, click on the icon to see photos of specimens from that county. A book icon means there is more detailed collecting and/or location information.
References for the cited locations are listed at the bottom of this page.
These locations and many of the linked photos were published in the July-August 1997 issue of Rocks and Minerals magazine.
- Bunch, near Bunch, secs.15, 16, T.14N, R. 24E: calcite (gray, massive, fluorescent and phosphorescent) (Gilmore 1963).
- Carmen, 2 mi. NE of Carmen, 1.1 mi. W of Highway 8 on the Green property, NW 1/4 sec.31, T.25N, R.11W, in the Hennessey Formation, which comprises shales and sandstones; gypsum (alabaster and satin spar) (Johnson 1972).
- Great Salt Plains, about 6 mi. NW of Jet at Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge, sec.22, T.26N, R.10W: gypsum* (Crystals form singly or in clusters in sand, silt, and clay less than 2 feet below the surface. These may have included sand and other materials that create an internal hourglass pattern.) (Johnson 1972).
- Malachite locality, NE1/4 SE1/4 sec.11, T.26N, R.9W, Permian-age Crisfield Sandstone: malachite.
- Malachite localities, SW1/4 SE1/4 sec.36 and SE1/4SW1/4 sec.14, T.8N, R.23W; also, SE1/4 SW1/4 sec.13, T.8N, R.22W, Flowerpot Shale of Permian age: malachite (Stroud et.al. 1970; Scott and Ham 1957).
- Southard, quarries of the U.S. Gypsum Company, E and SE of Southard, Permian-age Nescatunga Gypsum of the Blaine Formation: anhydrite, celestine (microscopic crystals), gypsum* (crystals), priceite (tiny chalky nodules), probertite (nodules that may have hairlike crystals), thenardite (fine-grained nodules), ulexite (cauliflower-like nodules) (Ham, Mankin, and Schleicher 1961).
- Watonga, Universal Atlas quarry, 6 mi. NE of Watonga, Nescatunga Gypsum of the Blaine Formation: celestine (microscopic crystals), probertite (nodules that may have hairlike crystals) (Ham, Mankin, and Schleicher 1961).
- Winnview West, SWI/4 SWl/4 sec.6 and NEl/4 NWI/4 sec.7 and NE1/4 NW1/4 sec.l8, T.16N, R.10W; also, SE1/4 SE1/4 sec.27 and NW1/4 NW1/4 sec.16, T.17N, R.11W, plus others, Permian-age Cedar Springs Dolomite and Flowerpot Shale: malachite (Fay 1962, 1964).
- Apache, a calcite mine near Apache, a vein of massive calcite exposed in a hill: calcite (fluoresces blue, pink, and cream, phosphorescent) (Kennedy 1972).
- Cement, near, in Rush Springs Sandstone, top 4 feet mined: carnotite, tyuyamunite (Gilmore 1963).
- Calumet, Scheiter gypsum quarry, 7.5 mi. N of Calumet, SE1/4 sec.2, T.14N, R.9W, Permian-age gypsum: gypsum (crystals, satin spar, alabaster) (Naff 1981).
- Lone Grove, Wilson, and Healdton areas, in clay seams: gypsum (crystals to 7.5 cm, some fluorescent yellow-green).
- Milo area, NW1/4 SE1/4 sec.7, T.2S, R.1W: pyrite (crystal clusters) (Gilmore 1963).
- Eagle Bluff, in black shale: marcasite (crystals) (Zeitner 1972).
- Tiger, in a quarry: fluorite (purple) (Zeitner 1972).
- Kenton, includes Wiggins and Labrier prospects, N of Kenton and Black Mesa, secs. 19, 20, 28, 29, 30, T.6N, R.1E, mineralized brecciated plugs of Triassic age Sheep Pen Sandstone, prospected in 1898: azurite, chalcocite (nodules), hematite, malachite (Fay 1983).
- Norman, E of Norman near Lake Thunderbird in a belt exending to the N and S to the SE of Slaughterville, sec.18, T.9N, R.2E; secs. 18, 22, 30, 31, T.9N, R.1E; secs. 18, 19, 30, 31, T.9N, R.1W; secs. 22, 30, 31, T.9N, R.2W; secs. 5, 8, 25, T.8N, R.1W; sec. 29, T.9N, R. 1W, weathers from Garber Sandstone of Lower Permian age: barite* ("roses" with included sand) (Ham and Merritt 1944; Towner 1975).
- Bromide, Mosley prospect, 4 mi. N of Bromide in the valley of Mosley Creek, NE1/4 NE1/4 sec.20 and NE1/4 NE1/4 and NW1/4 NE1/4 sec.17, T.lS, R.8E; NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.28, T.1S, R.8E, manganese replacement of Silurian Hunton Limestone along faults, fractures, and bedding planes, 40-foot-long trench and open cuts; ankerite, asphaltite, barite, calcite (some black, manganese rich), chalcopyrite, goethite, hausmannite, hematite, manganite, neotocite, pyrite, psilomelane, pyrolusite, quartz, rhodochrosite, "wad" (Merritt 1941; Ham and Oakes 1944).
- Cache, several locations S of Cache, secs. 7 and 18, T.1N, R.13E; sec.26, T.lN, R.14E; sec.32, T.2N, R.13W; sec.6 and W1/2 SE1/4 sec.18, T.1N, R.13W, maroon Permian-age Hennessey shales; barite (veins, nodules, claystone concretions and roses, not all at each locality), aragonite (fluorescent in claystone concretions), malachite (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Chattanooga, 2 mi. N of Chattanooga, extends into TillmanCounty; autunite, bayleyite, carnotite, torbernite (Gilmore 1963).
- Fletcher, Texas Gypsum Company quarry, SW ¼ NW1/4 sec.11, T.4N, R.10W, 60-foot gypsum bed at base of Permian Cloud Chief Formation, production began in 1962: gypsum* (crystals, alabaster) (Johnson and Denison 1973).
- Hale Copper mine, in Sandy Creek, NW1/4 NE1/4 and SW1/4 NE1/4 sec.9, T.3N, R.15W, Cambrian-age Quanah Granite pegmatite and gabbro: bornite, chalcopyrite, copper, cuprite, pyrrhotite (Powell et al. 1982).
- Hobbs Canyon, cent. NW1/4 sec.30, T.4N, R.14W, at the contact of Mount Scott Granite and gabbro: clinohumite, diopside (Huang 1957).
- Indiahoma, near Indiahoma, sec.36, T.2N, R.15W, in claystone geodes: aragonite, barite (also as nodules, fluorescent), calcite (Gilmore 1963).
- Lawton, American Girl mine, Coal lode, Copper Eagle mine, and Starley mine (Parker prospect), a few miles NW of Lawton all in the Fort Sill Military Reservation, shafts and pits, quartz veins in Quanah Granite of Cambrian age associated with faulting: barite, chalcopyrite, galena, malachite, sphalerite.
- Meers, Hazel quarry, just W of Meers, sec.5, T.3N, R. l 3W, granitic pegmatite: amphibole, biotite, chlorite, epidote, hypersthene, orthoclase (crystals), quartz (crystals) (Gilmore 1963).
- Mount Scott, 1.5 mi. WNW of Lake Lawtonka dam, cent. 1/2 SE1/4 sec. 11, T.3N, R.1 3W, Mount Scott Granite with miarolitic cavities: epidote, hematite, orthoclase (crystals), quartz (crystals) (Johnson and Denison 1973)
- Post Oak Creek, in the bed of the creek, secs. 25 and 36, T.3N, R.14W: quartz (smoky with included rutile needles) (Gilmore 1963).
- Quanah Parker Lake, near the spillway, SE1/4 SE1/4 sec.23, T.3N, R.14W, Permian red sandstone: calcite, malachite, novacekite (rectangular microcrystals in cavities), quartz (Huang 1956).
- Taupe, W of Taupe between Blue Beaver and Cache Creek, Permian red beds: barite (roses and nodules), chalcocite, malachite (Zeitner 1972).
- Twin Mountain, 0.5 mi. NW of Twin Mountain, cent. sec.14, T.3N, R.1SW, small cavities in sandstone: novacekite (Gilmore 1963).
- Wichita National Wildlife Refuge, Crystal King Zircon mine, also called Ashton location, 6 mi. NNW of lndiahoma, SW1/4 NE1/4 sec.21, T.3N, R.1SW, other mines 600 feet SSW and 0.25 to 0.5 mile N, Hale Spring pegmatite in Cambrian-age Quanah Granite: zircon* (crystals) (Anderson 1946; Johnson 1955; Bush 1956).
- Wichita Mountains, dike rock cutting gabbro, SE1/4 sec.4, T.3N, R.1SW: aegirine (crystals 1 to 2 cm long), arfvedsonite, orthoclase, quartz (Gilmore 1963).
- Benson prospect, NE1/4 NE1/4 sec.3, T.4S, R.11W, Ryan Sandstone member at base of the Permian-age Wellington Formation: azurite, atacamite, chalcocite, malachite, and uranium mincrals (Totten and Fay 1982).
- Cherry Canyon, in Cherry Canyon, secs. 19 and 31, T.4S, R.11W, calcareous geodes in shale: aragonite (crystals), barite (crystals), calcite, malachite (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Matthews prospect, SW1/4 NW1/4 sec.30, T.4S, R.11W, Permian-age Asphaltum Sandstone member of Garber Sandstone: malachite (Branson, Burwell, and Chase 1955).
- Randlett, SE of Randlett, SW1/4 sec.3, T.SS, R.12W, in a sandstone: autunite, carnotite, uraninite (Gilmore 1963).
- Sapulpa, W of Sapulpa, NW1/4 sec.35, T.18N, R.10E, in cavities of Dewey Dolomite: goethite (pseudomorph after pyrite), hematite (pseudomorph after pyrite) (Gilmore 1963).
- Foss, NE of Foss, also into Washita County, SW1/4 NW1/4 sec.29, T.12N, R.18W, Upper Cloud Chief shales and Lower Doxey siltstone: carnotite, tyuyamunite (Fay and Hart 1978).
- Weatherford, 3 mi. W to 6 mi. SW of Weatherford, cores in the Cloud Chief Gypsum of Permian age: anhydrite, gypsum, probertite (in nodules), ulexite (in nodules, not with probertite) (Harn, Mankin, and Schleicher 1961).
- Leach, NNW of Leach on top of a bluff, SE1/4 sec.7, T.21N, R.22E: calcite (massive, fluorescent and phosphorescent) (Gilmore 1963).
- Hillsdale, O. P. Barnes farm (W. W. Thomas farm in 1940), NE1/4 SE1/4 sec.24, T.24N, R.8W, shaft 80 feet deep in red shale and clay of the Salt Plains Formation of Permian age: copper (thin plates) (Merritt 1940b).
- Paoli, 2.1 mi. SSE of Paoli, extreme E edge of sec.24, T.4N, R. 1 W, mined-out for specimens in 1981, sandstones and shales of Garber Formation of Permian age: azurite, barite, brochantite* (botryoidal and microcrystals), chalcanthite, chrysocolla, cuprite,- chalcocite (nodules and stringers), goethite, hematite, malachite, pyrite (small crystals) (Lobell 1986).
- Paoli, Teepee Queen Copper Company area, just E of Paoli, sec. 18, T.4N, R. 1E, ore shipped from surface workings, Permian-age red sandstones and shales: barite (rosettes, crystal aggregates, cement, and in concretions), chalcocite (nodules and fragments), copper, hematite, malachite* (needlelike crystals), pyrite (Merritt 1940b) Paoli, other areas, secs. 7, 18, 19, T.4N, R.1E, Permian-age sandstones and shales: azurite, barite (crystals in concretions, nodules, and roses), chalcocite* (concretions), malachite (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Alex, S side of Route 19: barite (miniature roses) (Morrison 1986).
- Salt Fork, NE1/4 NE1/4 sec.35, T.25N, R.3W, on the side of a hill in Blue Wellington Shale overlain by Garber Sandstone of Permian age: malachite (nodules), quartz (petrified wood) (Branson, Burwell, and Chase 1955).
- Altus Lake, N of the bridge along the lake shore, NE1/4 sec.30, T.6N, R.20W: quartz (crystals lining geodes) (Gilmore 1 963).
- Granite, gravel quarry, SW1/4 SW1/4 sec.9, T.6N, R.21W, pegmatites: biotite (books), hornblende, orthoclase* (crystals), quartz (colorless and smoky crystals) (Gilmore 1963).
- Jester, W and NW of Jester, along Elm Fork of Red River and to the N into Beckham County: gypsum (crystals to 25 cm).
- Lobaris prospect, NE1/4 NE1/4 sec.34, T.4N, R.22W, in Meadows Copper Shale of Permian age and Flowerpot Shale: chalcocite, malachite (Johnson 1977).
- Quartz Mountain, W side of Quartz Mountain, SE1/4 sec.l7 and NE1/4 sec.20, T.SN, R.20W, vugs in pegmatite lenses: albite, biotite, magnetite, orthoclase* (crystals, many twinned), quartz* (crystals), zircon (Gilmore 1963).
- Red River, 200-300 feet W of north fork of Red River, SW1/4 sec. 15, T.SN, R.20W, miarolitic cavities in Lugert Granite: quartz (crystals) (Gilmore 1963).
- General, common in much of the county: quartz (variety moss, plume, and banded agate, and jasper) (Gilmore 1963).
- Buffalo, SSW of Buffalo, NE1/4 NW1/4 sec.25, T.26N, R.23W, 5-cm veins in red clay: celestine (fibrous, pale blue) (Gilmore 1963).
- Selman, 2.5 mi. N of Selman: gypsum (crystals, rosettes) (Huckaby 1955).
- Twin Buttes, 8 mi. N of Rosston and 1 mi. E of U.S. 283, halfway up the north Butte: aragonite* ("Indian money," pseudohexagonal plates), calcite (crystals) (Lovell 1974).
- Wetumka, SW of Wetumka, sec.30, T.8N, R.9E: barite (coarsely crystalline) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Creta area, includes Eagle-Picher mine, extends from Creta to the SE for 5 mi., first copper mineral was recognized in l852, mine discovered by Kenneth E. Smith in January l962, copper mined by Eagle-Picher from l965 to l975, Permian-age shales with two copper-bearing shales in the upper part of the Flowerpot Shale: azurite, barite, botallackite, bornite, brochantite* (with malachite forrns pseudomorphs after gypsum), callaghanite, chalcocite (minute crystal), chalcopyrite, covellite, cuprite(?), galena, gypsum (crystals), malachite* (fibrous aggregates, microcrystals), pyrite, silver (Dinges 1966; Ham and Jackson 1964; Kidwell and Bower 1976).
- Duke, Republic Gypsum Company quarry, W1/2 sec.24, T.2N, R.23W, three gypsum horizons in upper part of Blaine Formation: gypsum* (white, alabaster) (Johnson and Denison 1973).
- Olustee-Eldorado area, along State Highway 6: gypsum ("fishtail twins" to 10 cm).
- Sugden, Miller prospect, NE1/4 SW1/4 sec.7, T.SS, R.8W, in Permian-age Ryan Sandstone of Wellington Formation: autunite, carnotite (Chase 1954).
- Bromide, Springbrook deposit, also called Viola prospect, 3 mi. SW of Bromide, NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.l3 and NE1/4 SE1/4 sec.l4, T.2S, R.7E, prospect trenches, mineralized fault zone in Chimneyhill Limestone: ankerite, calcite (manganoan, gray to reddish-brown), dolomite, glauconite, hausmannite (tiny pyramids, veinlets), hematite, manganite, neotocite, pyrite, quartz (some chalcedony), rhodochrosite, siderite (Merritt 1941; Ham and Oakes 1944).
- Pontotoc, W of Pontotoc, top and flanks of a hill, SW1/4 sec.l6, T.lS, R.6E, long trench, bog iron-ore deposit, Arbuckle Dolomite outcrops: goethite (cellular, fine needles lining cavities, rhombohedra after siderite), hematite, quartz (chert), wavellite (radiating needle crystals) (Merritt 1940a).
- Ravia, area just S of Ravia, sec. l., T.4S, R.5E, granite porphyry dike: chlorite, galena, hornblende, kaolinite, orthoclase (crystals), quartz (crystals), serpentine, smithsonite, sphalerite (Zeitner 1972).
- Thompson Ranch, NE of Mill Creek, NW1/4 sec.15, T.1S, R.5E., in clay: barite* (crystals, white with bluish interiors), calcite, goethite (after pyrite cubes), pyrite, quartz (chalcedony), siderite (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Troy, Ten Acre Rock, and Capitol quarry, near Troy just E of Rock Creek, cent. 1/4 sec.3, T.3S, R.SE, Tishoming Granite with pegmatite that has cavities, quarry opened in 1915: fluorite (purple), microcline* (crystals), quartz* (crystals, rutilated) (Ham 1973).
- Camp McFarland, also McFadden, 10 mi. NE of Ponca City, Campfire Girls Camp in hills and along the river, geodes: barite, calcite (scalenohedral crystals, fluorescent) (Gilmore 1963).
- Cold Springs, W of Cold Springs at apex of most northern peak, medium-grained granite: orthoclase (crystals), quartz (crystals) (Evans 1936).
- Iron Mountain area, sec.7, T.4N, R.16W, pegmatite veins in troctolite and gabbro in Glen Mountains layered complex, prospect pits: azurite, chalcopyrite, copper, cuprite, malachite (Chase 1950).
- Enos, near Enos in a creek bank: pyrite (cuboctahedral crystals and pseudomorphs after carbonized wood).
- Langely, E of Langely, NE1/4 sec.20, T.22N, R.21E: barite (crystals) (Gilmore 1963).
- Spavinaw, 0.5 mi. W of Spavinaw, NE1/4 NW1/4 sec.15, T.22N, R.21E, prospect shaft: copper* (arborescent crystal masses), goethite (after pyrite), malachite, quartz (fluorescent) (Gilmore 1963).
- Spavinaw Lake areas, W of the dam to the bridge, sec.15, T.22N, R.21E, Spavinaw Granite: cerussite, dolomite, galena, goethite (after pyrite), magnetite (crystals), pyrite, quartz (crystals) (Zeitner 1972).
- Byars deposits, includes the Criswell mine, 4 mi. SW of Byars along Garvin County line, sec.33, T.SN, R.2E, mined for silver, 1897-98, 1913-16, Permian-age Garber sandstones and shales, aragonite (tiny crystals in geodes): azurite, barite (concretions and crystals), calcite (crystals in geodes), chalcanthite, chrysocolla, goethite* (microcrystals), malachite, quartz (petrified wood), silver chloride (unknown mineral) (Butler and Dunlop 1916; Lobell 1986).
- General. Quartz veins traverse the county east to west in two parallel bands. The first extends from DeQueen Lake in Arkansas westward between Broken Bow and Hee Mountain to Pine Creek Lake. The second band is 5-10 mi. to the north: brookite* (yellow to amber tabular crystals), quartz (crystals, clear, milky, and smoky; phantoms; chlorite, clay, pyrite, and manganese oxides may be included in the quartz, also skeletal or hopper crystals) (London 1994).
- Broken Bow area, 150 paces S of cent. sec.8, and 200 paces N of SE1/4 corner sec.25, NE1/4 sec.28 and sec.24, T.SN, R.23E, quartz veins in Crystal Mountain Sandstone: chlorite* (in and with quartz), orthoclase (adularia), quartz* (crystals) (Gilmore 1963).
- Broken Bow Lake, includes Stevens Gap Recreational Area, Carson Creek area, Holly Creek Campground, and elsewhere, secs. 1, 10, 11, 12, 13, T.5S, R.25E, quartz veins in Crystal Mountain Sandstone: goethite (after pyrite), marcasite (with pyrite), pyrite (encrusting petrified wood), quartz (crystals) (Massey 1990; Gilmore 1963; Morrison 1989).
- Eagletown, Johnson copper prospect, N of Eagletown on Rock Creek, SW1/4 sec.16, T.5S, R.27E, discovered 1917, brecciated sandstone and shale with veins of milky quartz: chalcopyrite (crystals), galena, malachite, pyrite, quartz (crystals), sphalerite.
- Hochatown, 0.5 mi. NE of Hochatown, SW1/4 sec.l4, T.4S, R.25E, fractured novaculite, three pits: cryptomelane, pyrolusite (Gilmore 1963).
- Pine Mountain prospect, on the crest of Pine Mountain, SW1/4 sec.l5, T.3S, R.26E, fractured and jointed Arkansas Novaculite, eight shallow pits: cryptomelane* (botryoidal and stalactitic), manganite, pyrolusite (Merritt 1941).
- Watson area, NW1/4 SE1/4 and SE1/4 NW1/4 sec.33, T.2S, R.26E, fractured Arkansas Novaculite, prospect holes and adit: cryptomelane (botryoidal) (Gilmore 1963).
- Watson, Buffalo mines, 4 mi. S of Watson on Buffalo Creek, NW corner sec.14, T.2S, R.26E, fracture zone in black shale and quartzite, two shafts with dumps, active 1907-15: calcite (massive, white), galena, pyrite, sphalerite.
- Watson, Eades mine, 2 mi. SW of Watson, SE1/4 NW1/4 sec.33, T.lS, R.26E, quartz vein in dark shale and quartzite: barite (crystalline), calcite (microcrystals), dolomite, pyrite (crystals, cubes, and octahedra), quartz (crystals).
- Watson, 100 yards E of Watson on Highway 21 on N side: quartz (crystals with pyrite or hydrocarbon inclusions) (Gilmore 1963).
- Watson, 3.5 mi. S of Watson, cent. of sec.10, T.2S, R.26E, vein cutting quartzite: barite, galena, sphalerite (Gilmore l 963).
- Wright City, N of Wright City, sec.30, T.5S, R.23E, in shale: graphite (Gilmore 1963).
- General, garnets, gold (placer), magnetite, opal (common), pyrite, quartz (crystals, chlorite inclusions), staurolite, zircon.
- Asphalt mine, Sl/2 SW1/4 NE1/4 sec.22, T.1S, R.3E: Calcite (crystal aggregates) (Gilmore 1963).
- Davis, Rock Products quarry, west of Davis, basalt and rhyolite: calcite, fluorite (crystals, green and purple), pyrite.
- Davis, Sooner Rock quarry, near Davis: calcite (crystals to 5 cm) (London 1994).
- Davis zinc field, includes Arbuckle mine, Ben Franklin mine (United Mining), Goose Nest mine, Hope-Sober mine, Rumney (incline), and Arbuckle Mountains to the west of the Washita River, porphyritic granite and Arbuckle Limestone: anglesite, cerussite, dolomite, galena, hematite, pyrite, smithsonite, sphalerite (Gilmore 1963).
- Mill Mountain, near the mountain: elbaite (green) (Zeitner 1972).
- Nebo, includes White Mound, near Nebo, sec.20, T.2S, R.3E; sec.5, T.2S, R.1W; sec.34, T.1S, R.2E, in Sylvan Shale: barite ("dollars" consisting of fine radiating needles) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Sulphur, south of Sulphur on Murray Ranch, sec.24, T. 1 S, R.3E, along a fault line in red clay of the Mississippian-age Woodford Shale: barite (crystalline) (Ham and Merrit 1944).
- Morrison, 3 mi. SE, SE1/4 sec.27, T.21N, R.3E, Permian siltstone and sandstones: azurite, chalcocite (nodules), malachite (Naff 1981).
- Perry, SW of Perry, several locations, NE1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 19, T.20N, R.1E; sec.5 and NE1/4 sec.24, T.20N, R.1W: azurite (replacing wood), barite (centers of concretions, nodules, veins), chalcopyrite, malachite (Gilmore 1963).
- Paden, 3 mi. SW of Paden, N of Canadian River, SW1/4 SW1/4 sec.31, T.12N, R.7E, mineralization along a fault in Pennsylvanian-age Ada Group sandstones, mining in 1920s and 1930s: azurite, calcite, chalcocite, chrysocolla, copper, dolomite, goethite, hematite, malachite (needle crystals), melanterite, quartz, tenorite (Zeitner 1972).
- Oklahoma City, including Trosper Park, along a stream in the park and archery range located on 29th Street E of Interstate 35, sec.22, T.14N, R.2W; secs.7, 11, and 35, T.12N, R.2W; secs. 12 and 24 T. 11N, R.3W, Permian-age Garber sandstones: barite (roses, miniature) (Ham and Merritt 1944; Naff 1981).
- Schulter, near Schulter on burned dumps of coal mines, ammoniojarosite, letovicite, molysite, sal ammoniac (A. L. Kidwell collection).
- Picher district, zinc mining area surrounding Miami, Picher, Peoria, and most of the north part of the county. Many mines; each may have numerous names. Mississippi Valley-type deposits in Boone Chert of Mississippian age that is fractured, brecciated, and contains numerous solution cavities; ore discovered about 1901 with first production in 1904; peak production in 1925; mining ceased in 1957 but resumed in 1960 at a reduced rate into the early 1970s when the rising water level claimed most of the mines: anglesite (gray films), aragonite, arsenopyrite barite (plates), calcite* (crystals, twinned, scalenohedra and rhombohedra), carphosiderite (yellow crusts), cerussite (microcrystals), chalcopyrite* (sphenoids, pseudomorphs after enargite), copiapite, covellite (thin blue coatings), diadochite (minute crystals), dolomite* (pink saddle-shaped crystals), enargite* (microcrystals and veinlets with chalcopyrite), epsomite (postmining product), fluorapatite, galena* (cubes, octahedra and combinations, some platy crystals), goslarite (post-mining product), greenockite (yellow coatings), gypsum (clear crystals, also a post-mining product), hemimorphile (called silicate and calamine), hydrozincite (fluorescent coatings), kaolinite, luzonite (minute crystallites on earlier minerals), malachite, marcasite* (crystals, some twins, botryoidal, hairlike masses), melanterite (post-mining product), plumbojarosite (masses of minute platy crystals), pyrite (small cubes or pyritohedra), quartz (crystals), smithsonite (early-day ore), sphalerite* (black jack, rosin jack, ruby jack, crystals), sulfur (minute crystals), szomolnokite (post-mining product) (McKnight and Fischer 1970; Ransome 1935).
- Lela, a few mi. N of Lela, NW corner NE1/4 SW1/4, sec. 19 and NE1/4 sec.8, T.22N, R.4E, also NE1/4 sec.23 and NW1/4 sec.19, NW1/4 sec.28, T.22N, R.3E, red Permian sandstones and conglomerates: azurite, carnotite, chalcocite (nodules and fossil wood), malachite, uranophane (with lignite and copper minerals) (Fischer 1937; Merritt 1940b).
- Glencoe, 3 mi. SW of Glencoe, SE1/4 NW1/4 and cent. NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.23, also SE1/4 SE1/4 sec.22, T.20N, R.3E, Permian-age Doyle sandstones and shales, discovered 1901, 60-foot adit made in 1910: azurite, calcite, chalcanthite, chalcocite (nodules and petrified wood), covellite, malachite, pyrite, tenorite (Merritt 1940b; Naff 1981).
- Goethite, hematite, calcite, gypsum and aragonite in claystone geodes and concretions: For more specific info and photos, check this link:
- Stone Haven
- Ada, Lawrence quarry, 6 mi. S of Ada near State Route l, NE1/4 sec.36, T.3N, R.SE: calcite* (rhombohedral crystals), galena* (cubes modified by octahedra), marcasite* (crystals), pyrite, sphalerite (marmatite) (Zeitner 1972).
- Ahlosa, on the road to Ada in a shallow creek, shale: pyrite (crystal clusters) (Zeitner 1972).
- Arbuckle Mountains, NE1/4 sec.17, T.2N, R.6E, in Hunon Limslone: galena (small crystals) (Reeds 1910).
- Pink area, S of Pink, sec.18, T.9N, R.2E: barite (roses) (Gilmore 1963).
- Pine Creek State Park area, off access road to the park: quartz (small doubly terminated crystals) (Morrison 1984).
Roger Mills County
- Cheyenne, 3 mi. S of Durham near Cheyenne: carnotite (bright yellow), tyuyamunite (yellow-green) (Zeitner 1972).
- Konawa Country Club, SE1/4 NW1/4, sec.34 and SW1/4 NE1/4, sec.34, T.6N, R.SE, Hart Limestone of Pennsylvanian age: malachite.
- Marble City area, St. Clair Lime quarry, NW1/4 SW1/4 sec.1, T.13N, R.23E: aragonite, calcite* (rhombohedral crystals, some twins), goethite, pyrite (Gilmore 1963).
- Comanche, east of Comanche, SW1/4 SW1/4 SW1/4 sec.6, T.3S, R.6W and secs. 23, 25, 31, T.2S, R.7W: barite (veins, in clay carbonate concretions, and as radial nodules) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Marlow, W of Marlow on S bank of Little Beaver Creek, SW1/4 sec.13 and SE1/4 sec.14, T.2N, R.8W: gypsum (sand included crystals, "rabbit ears") (Gilmore 1963).
- Chattanooga, S of Chattanooga, secs. 27 and 28, T.3S, R.14W: barite (roses) (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Manitou, E of Manitou, NW1/4 NE1/4 sec.35, T.1N, R.16W, sec.31, T.1N, R.16W, veins in maroon shale: barite (crystalline veins, nodules, in clay carbonate concretions, roses), calcite (fibrous paramorphs after aragonite), hematite (Ham and Merritt 1944).
- Lotsee, N line sec.15 and SW1/4 sec.27, T.19N, R.10E: calcite, dolomite* (crystals), pyrite (Gilmore 1963).
- Tulsa, Acme Coal mine, NE1/4 sec.l8, T.20N, R.13E, burned dumps of a coal mine: sal ammoniac, sulfur (Gilmore 1963).
- Tulsa, E of Tulsa, waste dumps of strip pits, sec. 18, T. 18N, R. 1 SE: gypsum* (crystals, twins, and rosettes) (Gilmore 1963).
- Clinton, S of, Cloud Chief Formation: carnotite, tyuyamynite (Gilmore 1963).
- Corn, NE of Corn, NE1/4 sec.22, T.11N, R.14W, in Cloud Chief Gypsum: celestine (bedded), dolomite, strontianite (Gilmore 1963).
- Anderson, K.C. 1946. The occurrence and origin of pegmatites and miarolitic cavites in the Wichita Mountain System, Oklahoma. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma.
- Branson, C.C., A.L. Burwell, and G.C. Chase. 1955. Uranium in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 27.
- Bush, W. 1956. Oklahoma zircon locality. Rocks & Minerals 31:1 18-19.
- Butler, B.S., and J.P. Dunlop. 1916. Copper. In U.S. Geological Survey, mineral resources of the United States 1914, 27-124.
- Chase, G.W. 1950. The igneous rocks of the Roosevelt area. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma.
- ---1954. Occurrence of radioactive material in sandstone lenses of southwestern Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 26.
- Dinges, P.R. 1976. Geology and mining operations at the Creta copper deposit of Eagle Picher Industries, Inc. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region: A symposium. Oklahoma Geological survey circular 77.
- Evans, O.F. 1936. Mineral provinces of Oklahoma. Rocks & Minerals 11:86-88.
- Fay, R.O. 1962. Geology and mineral resources of Blaine County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 89.
- ---1964. The Blaine and related formations of northwestern Oklahoma and southern Kansas. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 98.
- ---1983. Copper deposits in Sheep Pen Sandstone (Triassic) in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, adjacent parts of Colorado and New Mexico. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 86.
- Fay, R.O., and D.L. Hart. 1978. Geology and mineral resources of Custer County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 114.
- Fischer, R.P. 1937. Sedimentary deposits of copper, vanadium, uranium, and silver in southwestern United States. Economic Geology 32:906-51.
- Gilmore, E.L. 1963. A rockhound's guide to the gems and minerals of Oklahoma. Tulsa, Okla.: E.L. Gilmore.
- Ham, W.E. 1973. Regional geology of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 73-3.
- Ham, W.E., and K.S. Jackson. 1964. Copper deposits in the Flowerpot Shale (Permian) of the Creta area, Jackson County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 64.
- Ham, W.E., C.J. Mankin, and J.A. Schleicher. 1961. Borate minerals in Permian gypsum of west-central Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 92.
- Ham, W.E., and C.A. Merritt. 1944. Barite in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 23.
- Ham, W.E., and M. C. Oakes. 1944. Manganese deposits of the Bromide district, Oklahoma. Economic Geology 39:412-43.
- Huang, W.T. 1956. Novacekite from Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 41:152-53.
- ---1957. Titanclinohumite from the Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 42:686-88.
- Huckaby, A.H. 1955. Oklahoma. In World news on mineral occurrences. Rocks & Minerals 31:137-38.
- Johnson, K.S. 1972. Guidebookfor geologic field trips in Oklahoma. Book 11, Northwest Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological survey special publication 3.
- ---1977. Permian copper shales of southwestern Oklahoma. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region, a symposium. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 77.
- Johnson, K.S., and R. E. Denison. 1973. Igneous geology and economic geology of Permian rocks in southwest Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 73-2.
- Kennedy, M. 1972. A strange phenomenon. Lapidary Journal 6: 102-08.
- Kidwell, A.L., and R.R. Bower. 1976. Mineralogy and micromixtures of sulfides in the Flowerpot Shale of Oklahoma and Texas. In Stratiform copper deposits of the midcontinent region, a symposium. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 77.
- Lobell, J. 1986. Brochantite and other minerals from the Paoli, Oklahoma area. Mineralogical Record 17:371-74.
- London, D. 1994. Letter on Oklahoma quartz. Mineralogical Record 25:385-86.
- Lovell, H. 1974. Indian "money" at Twin Buttes, Oklahoma. Gems & Minerals 4 (May): 51-52.
- Massey, R.L. 1990. Broken Bow in Southeast Oklahoma is a crystalline capital. Rock & Gem 20 (May):70-71.
- McKnight, E.T., and R.P. Fischer. 1970. Geology and ore deposits of the Picher Field, Oklahoma and Kansas. U. S. Geological Survey professional paper 588.
- Merritt, C.H. 1940a. Iron ores. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 4.
- ---1940b. Copper in the red beds of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 8.
- ---194l . Manganese deposits of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey mineral report 10.
- Morrison, V. 1984. Handful of crystals. Lapidary Journal 38:828-31.
- ---1986. Miniature roses. Lapidary Journal 40:17-18.
- ---1989. More than quartz and pine trees. Lapidary Journal 43:39.
- Naff, J.D. 1981. Guidebook for field trips in north-central Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey special publication 4.
- Powell, B.N., M.L. Stockton, J.D. Giddens, II, and M.C. Gilbert. 1982. Stop 3, Hale Spring locality. In Geology of the eastern Wichita Mountains, southwestern Oklahoma, 102-17. Oklahoma Geological Survey guidebook 21.
- Ransome, A.L. 1935. Enargite and plumbojarosite at Picher, Oklahoma. American Mineralogist 20:799-804.
- Reeds, C.A. 1910. A report on the geological and mineral resources of the Arbucle Mountains, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey bulletin 3.
- Scott, G.L., Jr., and W. E. Ham. 1957. Geology and gypsum resources of the Carter area. Oklahoma Geological Survey circular 42.
- Stroud, R.B., A.B. McMahan, R. K. Stroup, and M. H. Hibpshman. 1970. Production potential of copper deposits associated with Permian red bed forrnations in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. U.S. Bureau of Mines report of investigations 7422.
- Totten, M.W., and R.O. Fay. 1982. Map of Oklahoma showing localities of reported uranium and radioactive values. Oklahoma Geological Survey geologic map 25.
- Towner, J.M. 1975. The red barite roses of Oklahoma. Lapidary Journal 29:1575-77.
- Zeitner, J.C. 1972. Southwest mineral and gem trails. San Diego: Lapidary Journal.